Panel: “Drug Policy and the Right to Justice”
Socioeconomic inequality in Latin America is expressed in the lack of access to goods and services but also in relation to the access and the ability to navigate the judicial system. The punitive responses towards drug crimes continue to be a decisive factor in the tremendous growth of the incarcerated population, which has been couple with inhumane conditions for those detained. Faced with this reality, it is important to evaluate the impact that drug policy has had in this area and discuss possible alternative solutions, principally oriented with the idea of social inclusion for those people linked to drug crimes.
Panel: “Advances towards the regulation of cannabis”
In spite of the prejudices and legal obstacles that persistent in relation to a legal market for cannabis, it is undeniable that emerging is strong movement towards the regulation of such a market. On this premise we look for a way to construct tools and debate the pros and cons that are presented by the regulation of such a market. Including the usage of medical and traditional uses of cannabis, the right to grow, social grow clubs, the situation of farmers and the of responses of governments to this reality.
Panel: “Objectives for the development of sustainable and Human Rights based Drug Policy”
In the final document adopted by UNGASS 2016, it was established that “efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals and to effectively address the world drug problem are complementary and mutually reinforcing.” However, the forced prohibition, along with other measures, in the context of global drug policy, contributes to poverty, conflict and population displacement. In this sense, if governing bodies have agreed to the principles of the Sustainable Development Goals and assume international obligations of human rights. Shouldn’t drug policy that each governing body develops within their territory adhere to these these propositions?
Panel: “Public Health and the Development of Harm Reduction Strategies in Latin America”
Faced with constant social, cultural and political changes, it appears necessary to begin the debate with respect to the principles of Harm Reduction in Drug Policy. How we begin to take the ideals of harm reduction and create policy in the current reality of Latin America and the Caribbean? What experiences can find and learn from in region?
Round Table: “UNGASS…and now what?”
The process of getting to UNGASS 2016 reflects small but important progress: the utilization of language with considerations for human rights, discussions on proportional time for criminal offenses, highlighting of gender perspectives, access to controlled substances and the incorporation into the debate of other UN agencies. It was also apparent that the lack of a consensus on these matters is reflected in the prevalent thoughts that have lead to broken systems throughout the world and the important role that civil organizations play in order to change the current paradigm. It goes without saying, but in the international effort to control drugs, no significant reform has been produced. What challenges are presented to us with this scenario? Is the absence of a consensus a point of division to reach a new consensus? What alliances could be formed as we move towards the reunion in 2019?
Round Table: “Drugs and Violence: Are there other answers?”
The classic paradigm of “the war on drugs” has resulted in various countries in the region facing extraordinary levels of violence. The increase in systemic inequality and the exclusion of certain groups are but some of the factors that have fueled this phenomenon. What strategies could be developed to minimize the current levels of violence? How do we create cooperation between countries throughout the Southern Hemisphere and deal with issues common to both Latin America and Africa?
Homage to and Career Recognition of Milton Romani (Uruguay)
Milton Romani served as the Secretary General for the National Union on Drugs in Uruguay from 2005 to 2011, he served as Permanent Representative of Uruguay to the OAS from 2012 to 2014 and has served President of the National Union on Drugs in Uruguay in 2015. He also was the recipient of the Human Rights award from WOLA in 2013.